Bulgaria Power Purchase Agreements

Bulgaria Power Purchase Agreements: Understanding the Basics

Bulgaria has emerged as a significant player in the renewable energy sector, particularly in the field of solar energy. With an abundance of sunlight and a growing demand for clean energy sources, the Bulgarian government has been actively promoting the development of solar power projects across the country.

One of the key drivers of this growth has been power purchase agreements (PPAs). In this article, we`ll take a closer look at what PPAs are, how they work, and their role in Bulgaria`s solar energy sector.

What are Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs)?

A power purchase agreement is a contract between a power generator (in this case, a solar power project) and a utility company. Under the terms of the agreement, the utility agrees to purchase a certain amount of electricity from the generator at a fixed price over a specific period of time.

PPAs provide a long-term revenue stream for renewable energy projects, making it easier for developers to secure financing and attract investors. They also provide a stable source of clean energy for utilities, helping them meet their renewable energy targets and reduce their carbon footprint.

How do PPAs work in Bulgaria?

In Bulgaria, the government has established a feed-in tariff system to support the development of solar and other renewable energy projects. Under this system, renewable energy generators receive a fixed rate for every kilowatt-hour of electricity they produce for a period of 20 years.

To participate in the feed-in tariff program, renewable energy projects must first obtain a license from the Bulgarian Energy and Water Regulatory Commission (EWRC). Once licensed, they can sign a PPA with an electricity distribution company or end consumer.

PPAs in Bulgaria typically cover a period of up to 20 years, with the price of electricity usually based on the feed-in tariff rate. The terms of the agreement may also include provisions for energy storage, grid connection, and other technical requirements.

Why are PPAs important in Bulgaria`s solar energy sector?

PPAs have played a crucial role in the growth of Bulgaria`s solar energy sector. By providing a reliable revenue stream for solar power projects, they have encouraged investment and helped to drive down the cost of solar energy.

In recent years, Bulgaria has become one of the most attractive countries in Europe for solar energy investment. According to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the country now has more than 1 GW of installed solar capacity, with more than 752 MW of new solar projects under construction.


PPAs are a vital tool for renewable energy developers, providing a secure source of revenue and enabling them to secure financing for their projects. In Bulgaria`s solar energy sector, PPAs have helped to drive growth, attracting investment and encouraging the development of new projects.

As Bulgaria continues to invest in renewable energy, PPAs will remain a critical part of the country`s strategy for meeting its clean energy targets and reducing its reliance on fossil fuels. By understanding the basics of PPAs, investors, developers, and other stakeholders can help to unlock the full potential of Bulgaria`s solar energy sector.